The City of Caloocan (official name: Makasaysayang Lungsod ng Kalookan.
The Historic City of Caloocan) is one of the cities and municipalities that comprises the Metro Manila region (National Capital Region) in the Philippines.
It is a major residential area inside Metro Manila. Located just north of the capital City of Manila, Caloocan is the country’s third most populous city with a population of 1,378,856 as of the 2007 census.
Caloocan City is divided into two separate areas. Southern Caloocan City lies directly north of the City of Manila and is bounded by Malabon City and Valenzuela City to the north and west.
Navotas to the west, and Quezon City to the east. Northern Caloocan City is the northernmost territory of Metro Manila; it lies east of Valenzuela City, north of Quezon City, and south of San Jose del Monte City,
and Marilao in the province of Bulacan. Northern Caloocan City is much larger than its southern counterpart.
Caloocan City is divided into 188 Barangay’s. The city uses a hybrid system for its Barangay’s,
all Barangay have their corresponding numbers but only a few – mostly in the northern part – have corresponding names.
Among all cities in the Philippines, only Manila, Pasay City and Caloocan City implement the so called “Zone Systems”.
A Zone is a group of Barangays in a district. Although a zone is considered a subdivision in the local government units,
the people do not elect a leader for the zone in a popular election similar to the normal Barangay or local elections.
The zoning system is merely for strategical purposes. Caloocan City has 16 Zones.
The biggest zone in Caloocan is Zone 15 located in District 1 (North Caloocan) directly west of the second biggest zone in Caloocan which is Zone 16.
Barangay Bagong Silang (176) is the largest Barangay in the country with a population of 221,874 people.
The city has a population of 1,378,856 people which makes it the third largest city in the Philippines in terms of population.
Most of the people speak English and Filipino as their primary language. A considerable amount of the population also speaks other languages and dialects.
Like many other places in the country, Roman Catholicism is the religion with most followers in the city,
but there is a significant number of the members of Iglesia ni Cristo and other Christian Denominatio
The city is historically significant because it was the center of activities for the Katipunan.
The secret militant society that launched the Philippine Revolution during the Spanish occupation of the Philippines.
It was in a house in Caloocan where secret meetings were held by Andres Bonifacio and his men,
and it was within the city’s perimeters where the very first armed encounter took place between the Katipunan and the Spaniards.
The word Caloocan comes from the Tagalog root word Lo-ok; Kalook-lookan (or Kaloob-looban) means “innermost area”.
The City borders many other cities such as Quezon City, Manila, Malabon, Navotas, Valenzuela and San Jose Del Monte Bulacan in the north.
During the formation of Rizal Province, Caloocan was included in its matrix until 1975.
|Municipality of Caloocan|
|Period of Tenure||Mayor|
|1952–1962||Macario Asistio, Sr.|
|City of Caloocan|
|Period of Tenure||Mayor|
|1962–1971||Macario Asistio, Sr.|
|1980–1986||Macario Asistio, Jr.|
|1988–1995||Macario Asistio, Jr.|
By the 1920s, Caloocan had annexed the neighboring town of Novaliches bringing it to a total area of about 15,000 hectares.
In 1939, when Quezon City was created, 1,500 hectares of land from Caloocan was to be given to the newly-created capital city.
But the people, instead of opposing it, willingly gave land to Quezon City, realizing it will be good for the Philippines’ new capital.
However, in 1949, the Congress of the Philippines enacted Republic Act No. 333, which redefined the Caloocan Quezon City boundary.
The barrios of Baesa, Talipapa, San Bartolome, Pasong Tamo, Novaliches, Banlat, Kabuyao, Pugad Lawin, Bagbag, Pasong Putik,
which formerly belonged to Novaliches and had an area of about 8,100 hectares, were taken from Caloocan.
This caused the division of Caloocan into two separate parts – the South section being the urbanized part, while the North section being subrural.
Caloocan City’s 10th Avenue area is well known for the clusters of motorcycle dealers and motorcycle spare parts dealers.
Among the major and famous streets are P. Zamora Street and A. mabini Street.
Numerous banks have branches in the city such as Banco de Oro, East West Bank, Metro Bank, May bank, China bank,
Bank of the Philippine Islands, Our Lady of Grace Credit Cooperative etc.
The city also has a number of shopping malls including Ever Gotesco Grand Central, Victory Central Mall, Puregold etc.
In which most of them are located in Monument area.
There are rumors of a SM Department Store to be built in Caloocan City. This rumor began appearing in certain blogs and forums.
As of this date, there has been no official confirmation about the said mall, which will replace the old Caloocan Grand Plaza in Monumento area.
But Point Design, Inc. has already published in its site renders for the proposed mall, hinting at the possibility of construction of SM City Caloocan.
The Manila North Tollways Corporation’s headquarters, the concession holder of the North Luzon Expressway, is housed in Caloocan City.
The Light Rail Transit (LRT-1) has a terminal at Monument.
The railway traverses Rizal Avenue Extension of Caloocan City, into the City of Manila and Pasay City.
The whole stretch can be traveled in about 30 minutes.
The Philippine National Railways has a terminal at Samson Road.
That serves 3 Stations (Caloocan railway station, Assistio Avenue railway station, & C-3 railway station)
The city has an extensive network of roads. The most prominent of these roads is the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue which begins in Monument area.
Also, the North Luzon Expressway Operations and Maintenance Center and the Balintawak Toll Barrier are also housed in Caloocan City.
The Victory Liner Incorporated headquarters and its terminal is located in Rizal Avenue Extension near the Lrt Monument Station
The city’s lone public university is the University of Caloocan City (formerly Caloocan City Polytechnic College).
Other educational institution of higher learning are the University of the East Caloocan,
Holy Redeemer School of Caloocan World Citti Colleges and Manila Central University.
Several high schools, such as Caloocan High School Notre Dame of Greater Manila, Caloocan City Science High School, Caloocan high school,
Saint Andrew School, Holy Infant Montessori Center, Saint Benedict School of Novaliches Philippine Cultural College (Annex), Systems Plus Computer College, St.
Mary’s Academy of Caloocan City, St. Clare College of Caloocan, Mystical Rose School of Caloocan, St. Therese of Rose School, Saint Joseph College of Novaliches
Maranatha Christian Academy of Caloocan Camarin High School,
and the two campuses of La Consolacion College in which one is located in Novaliches in the northern part and the other one is located on the southern part,
near the city hall. There is a campus here of Access Computer College, a degree-awarding tertiary educational Institution.
The city’s most celebrated landmark is the monument of Philippine revolutionary Andres Bonifacio which is located at the end of Epifanio De Los Santos Avenue EDSA.
The memorial was erected in 1933 with sculptures crafted by national artist Guillermo Tolentino to mark the very first battle of the Philippine revolution on August 3, 1896.
Recent renovations have been made on the environs of the monument, including the Bonifacio Circle, its former site, and the Caloocan stretch of EDSA
which is 100 meters away from the landmark. The whole area is now known as Monument.
The City hall is located at A. Mabini Avenue in the southern part of the city, across the street from San Roque Parish Cathedral.
The old city hall, on the other hand, still stands today in its present location at 9th Avenue.
There is also a city hall in the northern part of the city.
A Bureau of Internal Revenue District office is located.